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"No warranty is made on the performance and specifications information of the planes.
Planes performed differently according to model and mission and equipment."
|The 13th has a long history. Through the years we flew some of the great airplanes of the day. We hope you enjoy this gallery of beautiful and historic airplanes. |
|In March 1918 we acquired our SPAD XIII pursuit planes from the French. The SPAD had a gross weight of 1,863 lbs., 26'6" span and a length of 20' 8", and was powered by a Hispano 8 cyl. engine of 235 hp - and of questionable reliability. We had two Vickers 7.7mm machine guns firing though the prop and could climb to almost 22,000 ft. We had the fastest airplane on the Allied side at 139 mph. What else would you expect from the 13th. We were even great back then. |
|The 104th Aero Squadron, whose early history we share, flew The Salmson 2A2, a two place observation plane with a 207 HP engine and a max speed of 116 MPH. |
|We were demobilized in March of 1919 and were reconstituted in March of 1921 with the only American made aircraft to see service in WWI - The DH-4 - otherwise known as the "Flaming Coffin". It was an austere time with no funds for modern planes. The DH-4 had a gross weight of 3500 lbs, a 400 HP Liberty water cooled engine and was armed with two .30-cal. Merlin machine guns in the nose plus two .30-cal. Lewis machine guns for the observer in the rear. We could carry 322 lbs. of bomb at a cruising speed of 90 mph and at a max speed of 128 mph. Our service ceiling was 19,600 feet. |
|We tried to take a big jump in 1922 and 23 with a grand new idea. If two wings were good then 3 wings ought to be better. We are equipped for a time with the GAX/GA-1 triplane. It has two Liberty engines with four bladed pusher props. It is armored with one 37 mm gun and eight 30s. Actually, it is a real dog, with an absolute ceiling of 11,500 ft and a max speed of 105 MPH. In 1924 we went back with our DH-4s. A lack of funds put us out of business and we were inactivated in June of 1924. |
"Curtiss O-1 Falcon"
|The Army Air Corps brought us back into business in November of 1929 and gave us the Curtiss O-1 Falcon. We flew with a max gross weight of 4100 lbs. and at a max speed of 153mph. We have the Curtiss D-12 liquid cooled 435 hp engine. By struggling hard we could get up to 20,300 feet. |
|In 1930 they gave us the improved and real pretty A-3B Falcons. We are now in full attack mode. We have two Browning .30-cal guns firing through the prop and a .30-cal gun in each lower wing that can be fired together or separately. The Observer has twin Lewis guns. We have racks under each wing to hold 25 lb. Fragmentation bombs. We have a top speed of 147 mph. The Marines liked our beautiful little plane so much they bought some for themselves. |
"Curtiss A-8 Shrike"
|In 1932 we are equipped with the Curtiss A-8 "Shrike". We have the first low level attack monoplane to see service. It has a 600 hp, liquid cooled engine and a top speed of 184 mph. We also have a little comfort for the pilot in an enclosed cabin. We have four forward firing fixed guns for the pilot, two on each side of the fixed landing gear. We can carry 488 lbs of bombs inside and beneath the fuselage. The gunner, in addition to his machine gun, has flight controls - just in case. |
"Curtiss A-12 Shrike"
|In 1933 we are equipped with the remodeled Curtiss, an A-12 "Shrike" with a gross weight 5745 lbs. We are now air cooled with a 775 hp. Wright engine, and a max speed of 202 mph. The stall speed for landing is 68 mph. |
|In 1935 we are equipped with the latest and most modern Northrop A-17 Attack bomber with a gross weight of 7405 lbs., span of 47'9", length of 32', a Pratt & Whitney radial engine of 750 hp. and a max speed of 206 mph. We have 4 .30 cal. machine guns in the wings and a gunner with a single .30 cal. machine gun. |
|Then in 1937 we really went uptown. We can now retract the gear. We have the new A model version of the A-17 attack bomber, our new gross weight is 7550 lbs., and we have an 850 hp. Engine. Our max speed is 220 mph. The A-17A will eventually develop into the A-24/SBD Dauntless Dive Bomber of WWII and return to see some service with the 3rd Bomb Gp during the Pacific war. |